Sericulture Related Details in India with Cultivation Process
At present, agriculture is emerging as an industry. Farming means producing wheat and rice and many such businesses related to agricultural work, including animal husbandry, fisheries, milk processing plant, and the dairy industry, from which farmers today earn a lot. Given the income from agriculture, most people are leaving their jobs and turning to agriculture.
How to Cultivate Silk
To do silk farming, i.e. silk farming, initially, you can take 1 acre of land. The most important thing for insects is their food, and silkworms survive by eating mulberry leaves and making rations. Moreover, For its cultivation cultivator is used.
After selecting the land for planting mulberry plants, the beds will have to be prepared for growing the plants. First, make a line in the length of the beds at a distance of 6-6 inches. Plant 2/3 of the cuttings of the mulberry plant at a distance of three inches deep in the lines. After this, press the soil around the cutting well, so there is no possibility of air drying the cutting. After this, spread a thin layer of cow dung manure in the bed and give irrigation immediately. In the first month, if the top layer of the bed starts drying up, you can rinse it so that the moisture remains.
About 100 kg of urea is suitable for the proper growth of the plant. It would help if you used it for 15-20 days to save the leaves. Immediately after this, rinse the land and inspect the plant occasionally to see that the plants are growing. Spray Aldrin to control termites. After 6 months, when the plants are ready from the cuttings, they should be transplanted. While transplanting the plant, take special care that no damage is done to the roots of the plants.
Planting should be done mainly at a distance of 3X3 or 3X2 inches in planting bushy plants. This way, about 5 thousand saplings can be grown on almost 1 acre of land. After planting mulberry plants, it takes about 1 year for their development. Using the proper amount of manure/fertiliser will start producing about 8 to 10 thousand kg of mulberry leaves annually from a 1-acre area in the third year. As a result, about 300 kilograms of cocoa will be made. However, 700 to 800 kg of mulberry leaves is generally required for rearing 100 DFL silkworms.
Planting mulberry saplings, after about 1 month of a plantation, see in the beds that new plants should replace the plants which have dried up. This is called gap filling. Mainly, the work of gap filling should be completed within about 1 to a half months after plantation. Otherwise, small plants do not develop appropriately among large plants. Leaf and cocoon production decrease accordingly due to the reduction in the number of saplings per tree. As a result, income is also affected.
Manure & Fertilisers
Application of manure and fertiliser: About 2 to 3 months after planting the plant, 50 kg of nitrogen should be applied according to one acre. For example, if you have planted saplings in July and August. After this, between September and October, you have gap filled. After this, you should use manure and fertiliser in March or April. Light weeding should be done after 2 months of planting. After this, weeding and weeding must be done after each pruning.
Due to the natural rainfall in the plants planted during the monsoon season, the cost is less than in the plants planted in the autumn. However, if there is no rain between 15 to 20 days in the rainy season, it is essential to irrigate the plants. Therefore, it would help if you made arrangements for the irrigation of plants only in the middle of May. At this time, irrigation is necessary according to the field’s soil within fifteen to twenty days.
Pick up fully ripe insects for mounting on insect montages and offer 40-45 insects per square foot in suitable mounts such as plastic ties or bamboo mountains. Remove diseased and dead insects. This time keep in mind that the temperature should be 27 to 28 degrees and the RH of 60% to 70%. If the humidity is high, use a skylight to reduce it but protect against bright light. Wrap the cocoons on the 5th day after transplanting and remove the soft, stained and irregularly shaped cocoons, i.e. silk cocoons.
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